NVIDIA Neural Modules: NeMo

Neural Modules (NeMo) is a framework-agnostic toolkit for building AI applications powered by Neural Modules. Current support is for PyTorch framework.

A “Neural Module” is a block of code that computes a set of outputs from a set of inputs.

Neural Modules’ inputs and outputs have Neural Type for semantic checking.

An application built with NeMo application is a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) of connected modules enabling researchers to define and build new speech and nlp networks easily through API Compatible modules.


See this video for a walk-through.

Core Concepts and Features

  • NeuralModule class - represents and implements a neural module.

  • NmTensor - represents activations which flow between neural modules’ ports.

  • NeuralType - represents types of modules’ ports and NmTensors.

  • NeuralFactory - to create neural modules and manage training.

  • Lazy execution - when describing activation flow between neural modules, nothing happens until an “action” (such as optimizer.optimize(…) is called.

  • Collections - NeMo comes with collections - related group of modules such as nemo_asr (for Speech Recognition) and nemo_nlp for NLP


  1. Python 3.6 or 3.7

  2. PyTorch 1.2 with GPU support

  3. NVIDIA APEX: https://github.com/NVIDIA/apex

Getting started

You can use NVIDIA NGC PyTorch container which already includes all the requirements above.

  • Pull the docker: docker pull nvcr.io/nvidia/pytorch:19.10-py3

  • Run: nvidia-docker run -it --rm -v <nemo_github_folder>:/NeMo --shm-size=1g -p 8888:8888 -p 6006:6006 --ulimit memlock=-1 --ulimit stack=67108864 nvcr.io/nvidia/pytorch:19.10-py3

  • (If your docker version is >=19.03) Run: docker run --runtime=nvidia -it --rm -v <nemo_github_folder>:/NeMo --shm-size=1g -p 8888:8888 -p 6006:6006 --ulimit memlock=-1 --ulimit stack=67108864 nvcr.io/nvidia/pytorch:19.10-py3

  • cd /NeMo

and then continue with the following steps.

If you have all requirements installed (or are using NGC PyTorch container ), then you can simply use pip to install the latest released version (currently 0.8.2) of NeMo and its collections:

pip install nemo-toolkit  # installs NeMo Core
pip install nemo-asr # installs NeMo ASR collection
pip install nemo-nlp # installs NeMo NLP collection


Installing From Github

If you prefer to use NeMo’s latest development version (from GitHub) follow the steps below:

Note: For step 2 and 3, if you want to use NeMo in development mode, use: pip install -e . instead of pip install .

  1. Clone the repository git clone https://github.com/NVIDIA/NeMo.git

  2. Go to NeMo folder and install the toolkit:

cd NeMo/nemo
pip install .
  1. Install the collection(s) you want.

# Install the ASR collection from collections/nemo_asr
apt-get install libsndfile1
cd NeMo/collections/nemo_asr
pip install .

# Install the NLP collection from collections/nemo_nlp
cd NeMo/collections/nemo_nlp
pip install .


This command runs unittests:

python -m unittest tests/*.py