10. Quantum Programming Patterns

Within quantum kernels, the CUDA Quantum programming model provides simplified syntax for common quantum programming patterns. The collection of patterns in this section will grow over time, but we start with two basic features providing simplified syntax and semantics for common quantum programming tasks. These tasks may also enable the expressivity of programmer intent that directly influences compile-time circuit optimizations.

10.1. Compute-Action-Uncompute

We require syntax and semantics to support the compute-action-uncompute pattern, \(W = U V U \dagger\) (here \(U\) is the compute block, and \(V\) is the action block). This is a very common pattern, and by expressing this pattern with specific programmer intent, the compiler is able to apply critical resource optimizations. Specifically, controlled versions of W do not produce controlled operations of all instructions in \(U\), \(V\), and \(U \dagger\), but instead we are free to only control \(V\). The CUDA Quantum specification requires the following syntax for this pattern:

// Will invoke U V U^dag
cudaq::compute_action (
     [&]() {

Compiler implementations must add the uncompute segment and optimize on any controlled versions of this block of code.